Title:The Evolution of Cyborg Consciousness
Author:Charles D. Laughlin
Source:Anthropology of Consciousness 8(4):144-159
Year:1997

Summary:
Laughlin has discriminated cyborg from the ambiguous images, such as robots and adroids. He has critized the abuse of th cyborg, such "condom cyboerg". He has pointed out the development is nonlinear and bidirectional, so the world and physical body will affect each other.He also has defined the four stages of the cyborg evolution to outline the future development of cyborg consciousness.

Critics:
Laughlin has explored the cyborg consciousness by the biogenetic process and he has pointed out that the consciousness is so important to understand the cyborg's traits besides the anthropomorphic and artificial parts. His cyborg consciousness makes us reflect how the technology affect us perceiving the world and constructing the identity with the human/machin interface. But how the interface happens on human should not only exist by the interjecting, the "linking" should be the important method to build the cyborg consciousness and spread the size of cyborg community. The anxiety of the lack of linking is similar with the fear for the body-damage and the disconnection from the community in the informational society.


Notes:
I suggest that the cyborg process results in a transformation of the human body itself, and hence the internal organization of the body's consciousness.---p152
for, unlike Haraway, some of these folk use the cyborg to represent all that is wrong, evil and inhumane about modern technological development.---p12
We continue to be aware of the body-machine distinction because we still interact with machines by way of our limbs and our senses. Yet the phenomenology of tool-use shows us that the better the tool, the more we lose track of the tool as we focus on the task at hand (Martin Heidegger noted that technology tends to "withdraw" from our awareness when it works well; see Ihde 1990:33).---p152
If my leg should be replaced by a prosthesis, it will change my experience of my body and its activities. But developments at cyborg Stages III and IV do so by direct alteration of neural structures and may eventually so radically change human mental processes that we will be forced to recognize new species of life and consciousness; i.e., cyborg consciousness.---p154
As I have taken some pains to argue, whatever the quality of the outcome, the development of the cyborg is as inevitable as our other technologies have been; the cyborg is lawfully entailed in our technical natures. And the cyborg is just as "multistable" in its value as any other technologicaldevelopment (see Ihde 1990:144- 151).---p155
In conclusion, I have argued that the fuzzy, metaphorical application of the cyborg concept by some contemporary anthropologists has obscured the explanatory power of the concept, as well as the very real implications of the cyborg process for an evolutionary account of human consciousness.---p156